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Chemical database: Iron

chemistry tutorials - iron

Chemical formula Fe
Molar mass 55.84 g mol -1
Density 7.87 g cm -3
Melting point 1538.0 °C
Boiling point 2862.0 °C
Solubility -
CAS number 7439-89-6

Iron is a metallic chemical element that comes in form of a shiny gray solid at standard conditions. Iron is one of the most commonly used metals, accounting for over 90% of global metal production. Because of the low cost and excellent properties of this metal, it is used in the production of various kinds of tools, automobiles, ships, engineering structures and many other products of various industries. Iron has an even wider range of applications in form of various alloys that it forms, from which steel is perhaps the most important one. The only real drawback of iron and some of its alloys is the impact of corrosion.

Iron can be found either pure or in form of many different alloys in a wide range of different products. Since there are many alloys based on other metals, rust (iron(III) oxide) is often a good indicator that shows the presence of iron in a certain material. Iron of highest purity, often in form of a powder, can be ordered from chemical selling companies.


  Acetic acid
  Acetylsalicylic acid
  Ammonium nitrate
  Calcium carbide
  Calcium carbonate
  Calcium hydroxide
  Calcium oxide
  Hydrochloric acid
  Hydrogen peroxide
  Iron(III) oxide
  Lithium carbonate
  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Nitric acid
  Potassium carbonate
  Potassium chlorate
  Potassium chloride
  Potassium metabisulphite
  Potassium nitrate
  Potassium permanganate
  Sodium acetate
  Sodium benzoate
  Sodium bicarbonate
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  Sodium hypochlorite
  Sulphuric acid
  Trichloroisocyanuric acid