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Chemical database: Lithium

chemistry tutorials - lithium

Chemical formula Li
Molar mass 6.94 g mol -1
Density 0.53 g cm -3
Melting point 180.5 °C
Boiling point 1342.0 °C
Solubility -
CAS number 7439-93-2
Hazards chemistry tutorials - lithium - additional data: (R:14/15-34)(S:8-43-45)chemistry tutorials - lithium - additional data: (R:14/15-34)(S:8-43-45)

Lithium is a metallic chemical element that comes in form of a shiny gray solid at standard conditions, although it quickly forms a thin oxide layer when in contact with air. Lithium is used in the production of various types of batteries. In some of these, it is used in form of different compounds, while some batteries contain pure lithium. Alloys of this metal with aluminium, cadmium, copper and manganese, have excellent properties and are used in the production of various aircraft parts. Lithium salts are also used in medicine for the treatment of various conditions.

It is usually fairly difficult to find pure lithium, although it could eventually be ordered from chemical selling companies. Such lithium is usually of high purity and can mostly be bought only in larger amounts. Smaller quantities of this metal can also be obtained by carefully disassembling specific types of batteries which contain this metal.


  Acetic acid
  Acetylsalicylic acid
  Ammonium nitrate
  Calcium carbide
  Calcium carbonate
  Calcium hydroxide
  Calcium oxide
  Hydrochloric acid
  Hydrogen peroxide
  Iron(III) oxide
  Lithium carbonate
  Methyl ethyl ketone
  Nitric acid
  Potassium carbonate
  Potassium chlorate
  Potassium chloride
  Potassium metabisulphite
  Potassium nitrate
  Potassium permanganate
  Sodium acetate
  Sodium benzoate
  Sodium bicarbonate
  Sodium bromide
  Sodium carbonate
  Sodium chloride
  Sodium hydroxide
  Sodium hypochlorite
  Sulphuric acid
  Trichloroisocyanuric acid